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Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
Boletín No. 348 Año 13, 2020
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Análise crítica da decisão da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos no Caso Artavia Murillo et alii Vs. Costa Rica: Planejamento reprodutivo, igualdade de gênero e liberdade religiosa
Teresinha Inês Teles Pires.
En: Anuario de derecho constitucional latinoamericano
Año 24, 2018

O presente trabalho apresenta uma análise crítica da decisão da Corte Interamerica- na de Direitos Humanos (Corte IDH), proferida no caso Artavia Murillo et alii vs. Costa Rica. No julgamento do caso, a Corte IDH revogou decisão da Corte Constitucional de Costa Rica que proibiu o uso da Fertilização In Vitro (FIV) no país. Inicialmente, pretende-se mostrar que, com essa decisão, a Corte IDH não somente vinculou os direitos universais de liberdade ao planejamento reprodutivo, como firmou, ainda, uma interpretação acerca do direito à vida, favorável aos interesses das mulheres.
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La eficacia de la jurisprudencia interamericana en México
Adán Maldonado Sánchez
En: Anuario de derecho constitucional latinoamericano
Año 24, 2018

La reforma constitucional en materia de derechos humanos de junio de 2011, las resoluciones a los expedientes Varios 912/201, Varios 1396/2011, y las contradicciones de tesis293/2011 y 21/2011 (asuntos resueltos por el Peno de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación) constituyen el marco jurídico y jurisprudencia que ha permitido la plena eficacia de la jurisprudencia emanada de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en el sistema normativo mexicano. Esta influencia no solo se obtiene de los casos contenciosos ante dicha Corte (hard law), sino de las opiniones consultivas y las medidas provisionales (soft law).
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Supervisión de cumplimiento de sentencias de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
Lorena Barrera Santana
En: Anuario de derecho constitucional latinoamericano
Año 24, 2018

La Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, además de impartir justicia, supervisa la ejecución de sus sentencias. Esto significa que, en el sistema interamericano, dicha supervisión está a cargo de un órgano jurisdiccional, y no político, cuya competencia parte de la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos, de resoluciones de la Asamblea General de la Organización de los Estados Americano, de sus propias sentencias y de su reglamento.
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Data protection in the age of welfare conditionality: Respect for basic rights or a race to the bottom?
Valery Gantchev
En: European Journal of Social Security
Vol. 21, No. 1, 2019

This article addresses the informational control powers of the state to detect social security fraud as one of the pillars supporting welfare conditionality in Western European states. It sheds light on the question of whether the repressive trend of vastly expanding conditions and sanctions attached to welfare benefits can also be observed in an unwarranted expansion of the adopted control powers of the government. The article begins by highlighting the importance of data protection law in the field of social security. It then provides a normative yardstick for assessing nationally the control powers by analysing the normative criteria set by the EU data protection framework, more specifically with regard to the purpose limitation principle and the transparency rights of individuals. Three case studies are carried out on Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands which investigate the conformity of the control powers of the welfare administration with the basic right to data protection. The article concludes by providing explanations for the diverging level of protection in the examined countries and by recommending strategies for improving the data protection position of welfare beneficiaries.
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La representación política de las mujeres en Panamá: Una propuesta para superar el dilema de coordinación entre las primarias y la paridad
Flavia Freidenberg y Harry Brown Arauz
En: Revista derecho electoral.
No. 27, 2019

Analiza la situación de las mujeres en cuanto a la representación política, los obstáculos para acceder a los cargos de elección popular que van desde su rol familiar hasta los obstáculos partidarios para acceder a candidaturas. Por último,expone las reformas que deben realizarse para que la representación de las mujeres sea equitativa y real.
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A framework for assessing political will in transitional justice contexts
Phuong N. Pham, Niamh Gibbons and Patrick Vinck
En: The International Journal of Human Rights
Vol. 23, No. 6, 2019

Political will is commonly recognised as being fundamental to policy-making processes surrounding accountability for serious human rights abuses in transitional justice contexts. In practice, however, it is an elusive and complex phenomenon which is difficult to operationally define and measure. This paper considers the unique characteristics and challenges of political will in transitional justice contexts, and outlines a framework by which political will for accountability can be systematically defined and measured. The framework proposes five key dimensions for measurement: Initiation, assessment, mobilisation, allocation, and enforcement. Taken together, the five dimensions operationalise the measurement of political will, defined as the type and level of actions that demonstrate continual commitment by an actor/actors for a set of accountability objectives that aim to end impunity for human rights abuses. The framework is a contribution to the growing movement towards empirical methods of human rights assessment, and a step towards quantifying an elusive but critical concept.
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Promotional versus protective design: The case of the Asean intergovernmental commission on human rights
Hao Duy Phan
En: The International Journal of Human Rights
Vol. 23, No. 6, 2019

This paper examines the role of international human rights institutions and their designs by bringing to bear evidence from the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR). It draws attention to the distinction between the protective and the promotional design aspects of this institution, showing that the AICHR is, by design, not a protective mechanism. The paper argues, however, that the significance of the AICHR’s promotional function should not be dismissed. The paper identifies a number of promotional initiatives that the AICHR has undertaken in its first ten years of operation, including developing regional human rights standards, spreading human rights norms and facilitating dialogues and debates across ASEAN on the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities. The promotional work of the Commission, albeit still limited in scope, can provide the initial foundation for the long-term goal of building a protective human rights mechanism for Southeast Asia.
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Promoting the right of freedom of religion: Diverse pathways to religious tolerance and freedom of religion and the implications for American Foreign Policy
Bárbara Ann Rieffer-Flanagan.
En: Human Rights Quarterly
Vol. 41, No.1, 2019

The fundamental right to Freedom of Religion and Belief (FoRB), codified in Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), is often in the news due to the denial of this right by states and non-state actors. Various politicians lament the fact that individuals around the world are not able to practice and live up to the tenets of their faith due to government persecution or hostility from non-state actors. Given the widespread violation of this basic right, why has US foreign policy had a limited impact globally? Besides perceived national interests trumping this right, the tendency to conflate religious freedom and religious tolerance limits Washington’s impact. Religious tolerance is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for FoRB. To establish this difference, this article explores how different societies in different times pursued religious tolerance and later religious freedom. A greater understanding of the diverse motivations and pathways from persecution to religious tolerance, and in a more limited number of cases FoRB, is essential if Washington—or Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO)—wants to develop meaningful policies to improve the realization of this human right.
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Bases de datos: Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights | Human Rights Quarterly
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